Friday, January 23, 2015

Soil Preparation For Your Vegetable Garden

Preparing a land for growing vegetables means creating an environment that is suitable for successful cultivation of vegetables. Firstly, for preparing the plot to be ready for the growth of flowers and plants you will have to eliminate all the weeds and bushes. This reduces the time spent for the preparation of soil during the whole growing season. In order to get the soil ready for cultivation, you need various tools and devices which will help you in maintaining the soil.

Tools and materials required for managing the soil

There is a requirement of a large number of tools and materials for the proper management of the soil. Some of the tools that are must for gardening are:


·         Spade

·         Steel garden rake

·         Rototiller

·         String

·         Wooden stakes

·         Glyphosate herbicide

·         Mattock

·         Soil testing sample kit

Some of the steps and points you need to consider while preparing your soil cultivation are:

·         Pick a right spot
Vegetables don’t like to grow in shades and they require at least 6 hours for the proper cultivation. You should choose a level spot which is either natural or terrace and have a well drained soil. The drainage and the nutrient levels in the soil will be higher if there is an abundant growth of thick grasses and weeds.

 

·         Remove the competition


Remove the existing plantation by slicing under the surface with spade and cut it into manageable pieces. It is advised to kill the weed by either spraying glyphosate herbicide, by chopping them with a mattock or a hoe, or pull them out manually.


·         Test the soil for fertility

To ensure the proper fertility of your soil, you should send a sample of your soil to a soil testing or the botanical office in order to determine the pH and nutrient content of the soil. This will help you know that which nutrient is lacking in your soil and what are the pH amendments your soil needs.

·         Amend the soil

According to the soil test result provided by the soil testing office, amend the pH of the soil by adding sulphur or limestone as suggested in the soil test results. Add some organic material to the soil, which will improve the water holding capacity, drainage capacity, and the fertility of your soil.

It is advised to work the amendments up to top 6 to 12 inches of the soil with the help of a rototiller, now break the large clods and eliminate the roots and rocks. It is very important for you to know that you should work on the soil when it is dry enough to crumble and never when it is saturated. After performing all these steps carefully your soil will be ready for the plantation of vegetables.
Summary: Make sure that your vegetable garden is ready to produce quality and fresh vegetables for your consumption, by preparing the soil properly.

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